Fast Facts About Females Who Sexually Offend
Fact 1: Females can be sexual offenders.
There is no typical profile of someone who commits sexual abuse. People who sexually offend cross all socioeconomic, educational, gender, age, and cultural lines. Approximately 5% of people who sexually abuse are females.
Fact 2: Females are more likely than males to abuse younger children.
Studies have found that one regard in which females who sexually abuse others differ from males is that females are more likely than males to abuse younger children. Some researchers have posited that this may be because females have more access to younger children through child-caring jobs.
Fact 3: Females who sexually offend have low recidivism rates.
Studies have found that the average sexual recidivism rate for female sex offenders after 5 years is less than 3%.
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The following citations reflect research, publications, and presentations by current ATSA members.
- Adverse childhood experiences of violent female offenders: A comparson of homicide and sexual perpetrators: Pflugradt, Allen, & Zintsmaster (2017)
- The relationship between childhood adversity and adult psychosocial outcomes in females who have sexually offended: Implications for treatment: Willis & Levenson (2016)
- An exploration of differences between small samples of female sex offenders with prepubescent versus postpubescent victims: Pflugradt & Allen (2015)
- Examining the correlates of women's use of sexual coercion: Proposing an explanatory model: Bouffard, Bouffard, & Miller (2015)
- Adverse childhood experiences in the lives of female sex offenders: Levenson, Willis, & Prescott (2014)
- Women convicted of promoting prostitution of a minor are different from women convicted of traditional sexual offenses: Cortoni, Sandler, & Freeman (2014)
- Women who sexually offend: A case study: Pflugradt & Cortoni (2014)
- Women who sexually offend display three main offense styles: A reexamination of the descriptive model of female sexual offending: Gannon, Waugh, Taylor, Blanchette, O’Connor, Blake, & O Ciardha (2014)
- A grounded theory analysis of sexual sadism in females: Pflugradt & Allen (2011)
- Female sexual offenders: Cortoni & Gannon (2011)
- An exploratory analysis of executive functioning for female sexual offenders: A comparison of characteristics across offense typologies: Pflugradt & Allen (2010)
- Female sex offenders and the criminal justice system: A comparison of arrests and outcomes: Sandler & Freeman (2010)
- Female sexual offenders: Theory, assessment and treatment: Gannon & Cortoni (2010)
- The recidivism rates of female sexual offenders are low: A meta-analysis: Cortoni, Hanson, & Coache (2010)
- Female sex offender recidivism: A large-scale empirical analysis: Sandler & Freeman (2009)
- Female sex offenders: Exploring issues of personality, trauma, and cognitive distortions: Strickland (2008)
- Female sex offenders: Giguere & Bumby (2007)
- A review of the recidivism rates of adult female sexual offenders: Cortoni & Hanson (2005)
- Sexual abuse perpetrated by adult and juvenile females: An ultimate attempt to resolve a conflict associated with maternal identity: Tardif, Auclair, Jacob, & Carpentier (2005)
- Femmes responsables d'abus sexuels: Refus d'une certaine realite: Tardif & Lamoureux (1999)
- Comparing female and male perpetrators' modus operandi: Victims' reports of sexual abuse: Kaufman, Wallace, Johnson, & Reeder (1995)
- Incarcerated female sexual offenders: A comparison of sexual histories with eleven female nonsexual offenders: Kaplan & Green (1995)